Which line has the f-stops in the correct order?
What would a photographer need to know in order to know a lens' effective focal length on a camera with a cropped sensor?
The hair light, when used as a proper accent light, does its job best when it is positioned
The process of increasing a file size by adding pixels that are created based on the tonal values of surrounding pixels, is known as
When photographing a subject’s face in a two-thirds portrait view, which of the following head positions is correct?
Why are flat diffusers used on a meter?
If the flash output at 10 feet measures F11, how much would the flash power need to be reduced to get a reading of F5.6?
What would be the result of changing from 12 to 8 bit color space?
What would be the result of changing from 16 to 8 bit color space?
What are exposure meters designed to measure?
What happens to the depth of field when you move the lens from F8 to F16?
What happens to the depth of field when you move the lens from F11 to F16?
Why would you want to move the lens from F5.6 to F2.8?
Why would you want to move the lens from F4 to F2.8?
You are photographing a high school senior with his car. The sun is used to back-light him. Which of the following techniques should be used to produce the best result?
The most precise method of calibrating a computer monitor is by
A histogram shows the brightness value of all the ___________ in an image.
When using the rule of thirds to compose a photograph, the main subject should be placed
A client wants a close-up image, with minimal distortion, of an engagement ring. Which of the following lens types should be used?
What type of exposure meter is used inside a camera?
Moving a light source closer to a subject will change the quality of the light by making it
Which of the following would provide the greatest contrast when lighting a subject?
When selecting a computer to process digital images, which of the following should be given priority?
Which of the following would provide the best option for file storage?
What is used to standardize the color values of an image seen on a monitor with the output of a printer?
Which of the following negatively impacts the preservation of a printed image?
What is the effective focal length of a 24-105mm zoom lens when used on a camera with a cropped sensor that has a 1.6 multiplication factor?
Which one of the following characteristics of an inkjet paper affects the archival quality of a print?
The "angle of view" of a 200mm lens would help a photographer
Negative space in a composition can be used to present the subject by
The complimentary color of blue is
Which of the following would be the most appropriate resolution for a color brochure printed on a 4-color press?
Which line has the shutter speeds in the correct order?
Given F8 @ 1/125, what would the new shutter speed need to be if you moved the f-stop to F5.6?
What additive light is produced when equal amounts of pure red and green lights are mixed?
The f-stops serve two purposes - what are they?
If you move the f-stop from F5.6 to F8, what happens to the amount of light that reaches the sensor?
In a bounce flash scenario, which of the following f-stops would be the best choice for a flash with a guide number of 110 and a flash distance of 10 feet?
When considering the longevity of a printed image, a photographer should consider using
What does the ISO setting tell us?
In order to achieve the correct exposure when using an electronic flash, what is the correct formula to use in order to determine the appropriate f-stop?
What are “equivalent exposures”?
Red is a combination of which of the following two subtractive colors of light?
Given an exposure of F8 @ 125, figure the correct exposure adjustment when using a filter with a 4X filter factor.
The shutter speeds serve two purposes - what are they?
Which ISO value would create the most grain when converting a RAW file into a JPG?
During an environmental session using natural light, the subject has good catchlights in the eyes, but flat lighting on the face. The best way to improve this situation would be to use a
A portrait of an executive has been taken outdoors with a digital camera. The image looked fine on the LCD viewer. The next photograph of the executive is taken in an office building. This time the LCD image appears green. Before continuing the photo session, what is the most efficient way to correct this problem?
Give an equivalent exposure to F11 @ 1/15.
What is the flash output at 20 feet for a flash that has a guide number of 160?
A camera can get closer in order to focus on an object by adding distance between the focal plane and the lens with the use of
Which of the following shutter speeds would most likely be appropriate to get the sharpest images of an outdoor soccer game being played in full sun?
When editing a digital image taken in a low light situation, which adjustment needs to be performed in order to remove the undesired little red, green and blue film grain -like effect in the image?
Determine the correct exposure at 100 ISO for a subject in full sun.
What is the effective focal length of a 200mm lens on a camera with a 1.3 crop factor?
In a bounce flash scenario, which of the following f-stops would be the best choice for a flash with a guide number of 110 and a flash distance of 15 feet?
What is the slowest shutter speed that you should use if you are hand-holding your camera?
Given an exposure of F11 @ 250, figure the correct exposure adjustment when using a filter with a 8X filter factor.
Why would you want to change the shutter speed from 1/60 to 1/250?
What is the effective focal length of a 100mm lens on a camera with a 1.6 crop factor?
Given an exposure of F11 at 1/125, find the correct exposure after applying the bellows factor with a bellows extension of 100mm and a 28mm lens.
Determine the correct exposure at 100 ISO for a subject in full sun.
A seriously under-exposed image will show the tonal values on the histogram
What size print will show the entire image from a camera with a sensor that has a 2:3 aspect ratio?
When sending digital files to a magazine for publication, the preferred color space is
A filter which reduces the reflection of non-metallic surfaces is known as a
Which of the following file types would be best for preserving layers for editing at a later time?
The main light is placed at 45 degrees from the subject and set to F8. The fill light is placed behind the camera. How will it need to be set to create a 3:1 ratio on the subject?
Which of the following is the best choice for photographing a subject in mixed lighting?
Which of the following is a desirable use of leading lines in an image?
An incident meter measures light
Which of the following light patterns would flatter a subject with a round face?
Tiny individual cavities on a sensor that collect varying amounts of light during an exposure are known as
Warm colors in an image tend to
The "dynamic range" of a sensor represents the ratio between the
For long-term storage of images, it is best practice to consider
A photographer has elected to photograph a pilot with a 747 airplane in the background. To create balanced perspective of the pilot in relation to the plane,
A high school senior who races motorcycles, wants an image that showcases his speed. A good photographic technique that can be employed to create motion blur would be
To avoid creating a silhouette of a backlit subject,
When given an exposure of F11@1/250 at 200 ISO, which of the following is an equivalent exposure setting at 1600 ISO?
When using a flash, the sync speed is determined by
One of the best ways to visually emphasize texture in a composition is to
The paper with the widest tonal range from black to white would be
Photographing a waterfall through an over-hanging tree limb is an example of
To create a silhouette of a cowboy on horseback,
Repeating patterns generally
When given an exposure of F5.6@1/15 at 100 ISO, which of the following is an equivalent exposure setting?
"Fringes" of color along the edges separating dark and very bright values in an images is known as
You are doing a low key portrait of a senior. Which of the following props would not be a good choice?
You are photographing a family in October with the leaves in fall color. Which of the following clothing colors represents an analogous color scheme?
Colors that are on opposite sides of the color wheel are known as
What is the complimentary color to green?
Which of the following might be a good choice to help eliminate distractions in the background of an outdoor location?
Which of the following would not help improve a "busy" background?
Symmetry can be a desirable compositional design, but it is considered to be "passive" because it does not create
Because asymmetrical balance can be used to call attention to the larger of two elements, the compositional design is said to be
Because clients tend to order a variety of sizes, which of the following would provide the best practice for accommodating a variety of crops?
For a traditional head and shoulders portrait, the camera should be
When creating a portrait with the subject in the basic pose (C-curve), the subject's head would
To create a portrait of a model in a standing S-curve pose, the model would
When posing families, a strong compositional design choice would be
Increasing the ISO also increases the risk of introducing
Which of the following capture media provides the fastest read and write speeds?
Which of the following may be responsible for introducing "digital artifacts"?
Which of the following color spaces has the smallest gamut?
The range of colors that can be captured or reproduced by any device is known as
Which or the following is best suited for creating subtle changes in the softening of skin in an image?
When making adjustments to individual RGB channels of a color image that has been converted to black and white, adding green will effectively
Which of the following tools would work best for working an image to place additional emphasis on the subject by darkening the corners and surrounding areas?
With the main light set to F11 and placed at 45° to the subject and the fill located behind the camera, what would be the output of the fill to get a 2:1 lighting ratio at the subject?
Moving the lens from F16 to F5.6 does what to the light reaching the sensor?